FAQ: What Are Canoe Plants?

What does the term Canoe Plants refer to?

Canoe plants are the plants that were originally brought to Hawaii by the ancient Polynesians. The Polynesians came here by canoe, thus the name “canoe plants” was given to these plants. Although these introduced and cultivated plants are not native to Hawaii, they are an important part of its cultural heritage.

What are Hawaiian Canoe Plants?

Canoe Plants are the foundation plants that came to Hawai’i to sustain and nourish the first island settlers. They occupied precious space on the first canoes. Additionally, particular animals were chosen to help establish in their new home.

What plants did the Polynesians bring to Hawaii?

When the Polynesians arrived on the islands 1,200 to 1,600 years ago, they brought with them a number of plant and animal species, including taro, sugarcane, coconut palm, pigs, and chickens.

Is kalo a canoe plant?

Kalo and poi (pounded kalo) are a means of survival for the Hawai`i people. Taro came to Hawai`i Nei with the earliest Polynesian settlers in their canoes and has been cultivated as a staple and staff of life from ancient times in the tropical and subtropical latitudinal band around the earth.

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Where are the origins of other canoe plants?

Canoe Plants refers to plants that were brought by ancient Polynesians and introduced to the Pacific Islands when they first inhabited. The settlers came to the islands via canoe, so the plants varieties they brought with them are now designated “Canoe Plants”.

What plants are native to Hawaii?

Listed below are some of the native plants found in Hawaii.

  • Argemone glauca – Pua Kala.
  • Cibotium spp. – Hapu’u.
  • Coprosma ernodeoides – ‘Aiakanene.
  • Cordia subcordata – Kou.
  • Dicranopteris linearis – Old World Forkedfern.
  • Dodonaea viscosa – Florida Hopbush.
  • Geranium cuneatum – Hinahina.
  • Hibiscus brackenridgei – Ma’o Hau Hele.

Are coconuts native to Hawaii?

Although coconut palms now adorn the coasts of tropical beaches everywhere, from the Caribbean to Madagascar and Hawaii, the tree is not a native species there. All these palms, like the palms of Palm Beach, were introduced by humans.

How do you use awapuhi?

The ‘awapuhi pake root was ground and strained and mixed with water or drunk as a tea to help with indigestion. Now, ginger is used in soups, stir fry, desserts, health drinks and anything else you want to add it in! Of course the most popular use for ‘awapuhi today is as a shampoo.

What was Hau used for?

Early Hawaiians used the wood of this species to build the outriggers of canoes, floats for fish nets, long spears for games, and for the cross sticks of kites. The fibrous inner bark of the Hau was also used to create ropes, matts, and bark cloth.

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What fruit is native to Polynesia?

Native to greater New Guinea, Polynesians have been carrying and cultivating breadfruit on their explorations through the South Pacific for thousands of years. Once British explorers caught wind of the high-yielding plant and its nutritious fruit, it was only a matter of time before uru would end up around the world.

Is banana native to Hawaii?

The banana is not native to Hawaii, but as the authors of The World of Bananas in Hawai’i: Then and Now demonstrate, it has a long and rich history worth telling. Most of the bananas currently grown in the archipelago are familiar types (such as Cavendish, Bluggoe, Pome and Red) that were introduced after 1850.

Is bamboo indigenous to Hawaii?

Is bamboo native in Hawaii? No, bamboo is not actually native on the islands of Hawaii. Bamboo grows widely on this tropical archipelago, and unlike the hills of Africa, no one is surprised to find it growing here. And of course, the climate is ideal for many living things, including beach combers and bamboo.

What is kalo in Hawaiian?

Kalo is the Hawaiian name given to the cultivated plant, taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott). Kalo specifically refers to the name of the first taro growing from the planted stalk. These genera include Colocasia, Xanthosoma, and Alocasia, and Cyrtosperma.

What is PA i ai?

Pa’i ‘ai (pronounced pah-ee-eye) is a byproduct of poi. Poi is produced by pounding the cooked corms of kalo—a root vegetable also known as taro–and adding water to create a glutinous paste.

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Where does kalo come from?

The Kalo plant and its cultivation is thought to have originated in Southern India before it made its way eastwards into Polynesia. According to recent DNA genetic research, the Polynesian people who settled in Hawai’i originated in South East Asia.

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