Quick Answer: What Were The Canoe Voyagers Called In Ontario And Quebec?

Who were the Voyagers in Canada?

Voyageurs were independent contractors, workers or minor partners in companies involved in the fur trade. They were licensed to transport goods to trading posts and were usually forbidden to do any trading of their own. The fur trade changed over the years, as did the groups of men working in it.

What type of canoe was used by the voyageurs *?

The voyageurs used “North Canoes” to transport the furs and trade goods they collected on their voyages between trading posts and forts. Originally made by the Ojibwe and later at Fort Lac la Pluie on the Rainy River, the “North Canoe,” was light, easily navigable, and quickly repaired with native materials.

What did voyageurs do in the winter?

In order to survive the harsh winters, voyageurs had to look to their Ojibwe and Cree neighbors for guidance. Wild rice was harvested in the fall. However, many forts opted to trade their goods for food. Maple sugar and wild rice were brought to the fort by native women and traded all year long.

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What is the difference between a coureur de bois and a voyageur?

What is the difference between the coureurs des bois and the voyageurs? The coureurs des bois were active during the French Regime. They were small businessmen trapping fur animals and trading. The voyageurs, for their part, were hired hands.

What were voyagers?

Voyageurs were the canoe transportation workers in organized, licensed long-distance transportation of furs and trade goods in the interior of the continent. Coureurs des bois were entrepreneur woodsman engaged in all aspects of fur trading rather than being focused on just the transportation of fur trade goods.

What replaced the fur trade?

Animal rights organizations oppose the fur trade, citing that animals are brutally killed and sometimes skinned alive. Fur has been replaced in some clothing by synthetic imitations, for example, as in ruffs on hoods of parkas.

Why did voyageurs paddle 14 hours a day?

Each voyageur worked at least 14 hours a day, paddling 40 to 60 strokes a minute (about 4-6 miles an hour). They had to paddle faster than that to maintain control when they were going with the current, and especially when there were boulders in the river. Sometimes they raced to relieve boredom.

Did the voyageurs get paid?

The wintering voyageurs were paid once a year at Grand Portage, but they were paid in goods or in vouchers for merchandise from the company-run story. Because of the inflated prices at Grand Portage, the pay was worth only two-thirds of what it would have been in Montreal.

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What position does the canoeist adopt in Canadian canoeing?

Basics for handling the Canadian canoe First the stern canoeist ( the captain ) gets in then the front man climbs in and makes sure he is stable. The stern canoeist then pushes the boat away from the bank using the paddle. (He is also always the last to leave the boat.)

What did the voyageurs eat for breakfast?

One observer recorded that a voyageur’s daily allowance of food included no more than a quart of Indian maize and one pound of grease. On other occasions they had pemmican (a greasy dried-meat mixture), wild oats and wheat, and dried meat or fish.

How did the coureur de bois travel?

They traveled extensively by canoe. Coureurs des bois lost their importance in the fur trade by the early 18th century.

What does a voyageur look like?

Voyageurs could be identified by their distinctive clothing. They often wore a red toque and a sash around their waist. The white cotton shirt was protection from the sun and mosquitoes. They also wore breeches with leggings and moccasins.

Where did the coureur de bois come from?

Coureurs des bois were itinerant, unlicenced fur traders from New France. They were known as “wood-runners” to the English on Hudson Bay and “bush-lopers” to the Anglo-Dutch of New York.

What challenges did the coureurs de bois face?

Hardships and dangers of being a coureur de bois There were many dangers a coureur de bois must face if he has to survive out in the wilderness. First was the problem of surviving. If a coureur de bois wasn’t strong and brave, he could die out in the woods. Catching food was a challenge; a challenge of life or death.

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What tools objects did the Aboriginals first nations receive in return from trading furs?

Indigenous peoples adopted items of European manufacture because the technology often was convenient. For example, flintlock muskets, iron axes and knives and brass kettles were considered more efficient than the bows and arrows, stone tools and birchbark baskets they replaced.

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