- 1 What did the voyageurs look like?
- 2 What were the Voyagers canoes made out of?
- 3 Why did voyageurs paddle 14 hours a day?
- 4 What did a voyageur do?
- 5 Why did voyageurs wear red hats?
- 6 Did the voyageurs get paid?
- 7 How many men are in a voyageur canoe?
- 8 What replaced the fur trade?
- 9 Where did fur traders sleep?
- 10 What is the difference between a voyageur and a coureur de bois?
- 11 What did the voyageurs eat for breakfast?
- 12 How did the coureur de bois travel?
- 13 What do you need to be a voyageur?
- 14 What did fur traders eat?
- 15 Why did the fur trade end?
What did the voyageurs look like?
Voyageurs could be identified by their distinctive clothing. They often wore a red toque and a sash around their waist. The white cotton shirt was protection from the sun and mosquitoes. They also wore breeches with leggings and moccasins.
What were the Voyagers canoes made out of?
Voyageur canoes typically were made from the bark of large paper birch trees that was stretched over a white cedar frame. The Maître canoe, or canot de maître (master’s canoe), was used on the Great Lakes and the Ottawa River.
Why did voyageurs paddle 14 hours a day?
Each voyageur worked at least 14 hours a day, paddling 40 to 60 strokes a minute (about 4-6 miles an hour). They had to paddle faster than that to maintain control when they were going with the current, and especially when there were boulders in the river. Sometimes they raced to relieve boredom.
What did a voyageur do?
Voyageurs were independent contractors, workers or minor partners in companies involved in the fur trade. They were licensed to transport goods to trading posts and were usually forbidden to do any trading of their own. The fur trade changed over the years, as did the groups of men working in it.
Why did voyageurs wear red hats?
When the fabric wore out, canoemen switched into buckskins, trading for them with the Ojibwe. So adding a red sash, functional as well as striking, was an easy way to spice up a tatty wardrobe. Their sashes added sparkle, whether or not the voyageurs could untangle the knots in the long fringes.
Did the voyageurs get paid?
The wintering voyageurs were paid once a year at Grand Portage, but they were paid in goods or in vouchers for merchandise from the company-run story. Because of the inflated prices at Grand Portage, the pay was worth only two-thirds of what it would have been in Montreal.
How many men are in a voyageur canoe?
Not only did the voyageurs paddle their canoes with a crew of four to six, but they would also portage their cargo.
What replaced the fur trade?
Animal rights organizations oppose the fur trade, citing that animals are brutally killed and sometimes skinned alive. Fur has been replaced in some clothing by synthetic imitations, for example, as in ruffs on hoods of parkas.
Where did fur traders sleep?
When they were finished all of the work, the voyageurs told stories and sang songs until it was time to sleep. Shelter for the night was an overturned canoe, a bed of moss, and a blanket or furs for warmth. If the weather was bad, they erected a tarp as cover.
What is the difference between a voyageur and a coureur de bois?
What is the difference between the coureurs des bois and the voyageurs? The coureurs des bois were active during the French Regime. They were small businessmen trapping fur animals and trading. The voyageurs, for their part, were hired hands.
What did the voyageurs eat for breakfast?
One observer recorded that a voyageur’s daily allowance of food included no more than a quart of Indian maize and one pound of grease. On other occasions they had pemmican (a greasy dried-meat mixture), wild oats and wheat, and dried meat or fish.
How did the coureur de bois travel?
They traveled extensively by canoe. Coureurs des bois lost their importance in the fur trade by the early 18th century.
What do you need to be a voyageur?
So that was one requirement. Voyageurs had to be strong, willing to work long hours and live apart from their families for up to half a year — or several years, if they planned to live over the winter in the hinterlands of the continent instead of returning to Montreal in the early fall.
What did fur traders eat?
Pemmican was a very practical food; it was made of whatever meat was available – usually buffalo, moose, elk or deer, and berries; cranberries and Saskatoon berries were most common, but cherries, currants, chokeberries and blueberries were sometimes used for pemmican at feasts.
Why did the fur trade end?
The fur trade started to decline in the Eastern United States by the late 1700’s. The decline resulted chiefly from the clearing of large areas for settlement. As more and more land was cleared, fur-bearing animals became increasingly scarce.